Međunarodni cenzus vodenih ptica (IWC)

Zimsko brojanje vodenih ptica je međunarodni projekat koji ima za cilj utvrđivanje ukupnog broja vodenih ptica u svijetu. Brojanje se obavlja sredinom januara u više od 100 zemalja širom svijeta. U Crnoj Gori ovaj projekat je započeo 1991. godine u saradnji Prirodnjačkog muzeja u Beogradu i tadašnjeg Zavoda za zaštitu prirode Crne Gore, i sa manjim prekidima, traje i danas. To je najstariji projekat monitoringa biodiverziteta u Crnoj Gori. Više o počecima ovog programa možete pročitati ovdje. Zimsko brojanje je zasnovano na koordinisanom volonterskom radu posmarača, uz simboličnu podršku relevantnih instutucija i organizacija. Podaci o prebrojanim pticama se šalju organizaciji Wetlands International, koja je međunarodni koordinator za IWC. Prirodnjački muzej obavlja funkciju nacionalnog koordinatora, koji prikuplja i obrađuje podatke sa crnogorskih lokaliteta. Trenutna šema zimskog brojanja u Crnoj Gori obuhvata 20 lokaliteta, uključujući i morsku obalu. Redovni partneri na ovom projektu su Nacionalni parkovi Crne Gore, Centar za proučavanje i zaštitu ptica, Prirodnjačko društvo Crne Gore i njemačka organizacija Euronatur. U cilju obuke volontera i koordinacije rada, u Prirodnjačkom muzeju je pripremljen vodič za IWC u Crnoj Gori i prevod zvaničnog IWC uputstva organizacije Wetlands International.

Više informacija o IWC programu na linku:  https://www.wetlands.org/our-approach/healthy-wetland-nature/international-waterbird-census/#read-more

 

Predstavljamo rezuktate zimskog brojanja vodenih ptica 2017. godine
Uprkos hladnoći i nezapamćenom ledenom prekrivaču, u Crnoj Gori je izbrojano ukupno 78.663 ptice na ukupno sedam lokacija:

Skadarsko jezero 56965
Ulcinjska solana 11842
Delta Bojane Delta (including Ada, Great beach, Porta Milena and coastal sea) 2145
Tivat saline 1212
Šasko lake 3132
Buljarica 534
Zeta River 103

A short data overview shows that three quarters of overall bird numbers were counted at Skadar Lake. The most numerous species was coot (Fulica atra); total of 66 species were recorded.
All counted localities (except Zeta River) were either partially (<90%) or completely frozen. Two wetlands in the continental part of Montenegro, Nikšić accumulations and Plavsko Lake, were found completely frozen upon visit and without presence of water birds.

Upon the request from UNEP/AEWA Secretariat to ensure emergency measures for conservation of birds affected by the cold weather, two additional fieldworks at Skadar lake and Ulcinj saline were performed by Natural History Museum in the end of January in order to evaluate the impact. Although there were reports on the severe impact of ice on waterbirds in the region, the effect of bad weather in Montenegro was limited: the greatest toll was paid by greater flamingos at Ulcinj saline: 27 immature flamingos were found dead due to starvation; these birds were also tested for the H5N1 virus, but the results were negative. At Skadar Lake, few cormorants were found dead, which could not be related to weather effect; most likely, they were caught by fishermen gear.

Complete list of participants:

Nela Dubak, Public Enterprise for national parks of Montenegro
Ana Vujović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Sanja Damjanović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Borut Stumberger, freelance
Darko Saveljić, Environment Protection Agency
Bojan Zeković, Center for Protection and Research of Birds
Andreas Ranner, freelance
Mihailo Jovićević, Faculty of Natural Sciences
Arne Thelin, freelance
Jole Vujović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Andrej Vizi, Natural History Museum of Montenegro

The count was performed voluntary, with modest support from National park, CZIP and Natural History Museum.

I would like to thank all the participants for their time and effort during the IWC 2017, as well as relevant organizations and institutions for providing fieldwork support.

 

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Mid-winter count of water birds 2016
The 19th count of wintering water birds in Montenegro is finished within the IWC, the international program Montenegro joined in 1991. This year the IWC program celebrates the jubilee of 50 years since its beginning in 1967. The program is coordinated by organization Wetlands International, with headquarters in Wageningen, Netherlands. http://www.wetlands.org/GetInvolved/IWC50Letsmakeitcount/tabid/3477/Default.aspx
This year, the IWC in Montenegro included total of 9 wetlands: Skadar Lake, Ulcinj saline, Bojana River delta, Šasko lake, Tivat saltpans, Slano Lake, Krupac Lake, Zeta River and Plavsko Lake. The counting was performed by Ondrej Vizi and Andrej Vizi from the Natural History Museum of Montenegro, Nela Vešović Dubak from Public enterprise for National Parks of Montenegro, Darko Saveljić, Aleksandar Perović, Bojan Zeković and Igor Stojović frm the Centre for Protection of birds – CZIP, Ana Vujović from the Natural History Society of Montenegro and Borut Stumberger and Fabian Schwarzenbach as independent observers.
Total of 95.203 birds was counted, most of which ate Skadar Lake (62.894) and Ulcinj saline (16.134). The most numerous water bird species at whole count area was


 

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Mid-winter Waterbird count (IWC)

Wednesday - 14 January, 2015

Midwinter count of water birds, or the International Waterbird census (IWC) is the longest running international monitoring project which has a goal to determine the total number of water birds in the world. The count takes place in the middle of January in more than 100 countries around the world. In Montenegro, this program started in 1991,

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