Istraživački rad

Predstavljamo rezuktate zimskog brojanja vodenih ptica 2017. godine
Uprkos hladnoći i nezapamćenom ledenom prekrivaču, u Crnoj Gori je izbrojano ukupno 78.663 ptice na ukupno sedam lokacija:

Skadarsko jezero 56965
Ulcinjska solana 11842
Delta Bojane Delta (including Ada, Great beach, Porta Milena and coastal sea) 2145
Tivat saline 1212
Šasko lake 3132
Buljarica 534
Zeta River 103

A short data overview shows that three quarters of overall bird numbers were counted at Skadar Lake. The most numerous species was coot (Fulica atra); total of 66 species were recorded.
All counted localities (except Zeta River) were either partially (<90%) or completely frozen. Two wetlands in the continental part of Montenegro, Nikšić accumulations and Plavsko Lake, were found completely frozen upon visit and without presence of water birds.

Upon the request from UNEP/AEWA Secretariat to ensure emergency measures for conservation of birds affected by the cold weather, two additional fieldworks at Skadar lake and Ulcinj saline were performed by Natural History Museum in the end of January in order to evaluate the impact. Although there were reports on the severe impact of ice on waterbirds in the region, the effect of bad weather in Montenegro was limited: the greatest toll was paid by greater flamingos at Ulcinj saline: 27 immature flamingos were found dead due to starvation; these birds were also tested for the H5N1 virus, but the results were negative. At Skadar Lake, few cormorants were found dead, which could not be related to weather effect; most likely, they were caught by fishermen gear.

Complete list of participants:

Nela Dubak, Public Enterprise for national parks of Montenegro
Ana Vujović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Sanja Damjanović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Borut Stumberger, freelance
Darko Saveljić, Environment Protection Agency
Bojan Zeković, Center for Protection and Research of Birds
Andreas Ranner, freelance
Mihailo Jovićević, Faculty of Natural Sciences
Arne Thelin, freelance
Jole Vujović, Natural History Association of Montenegro
Andrej Vizi, Natural History Museum of Montenegro

The count was performed voluntary, with modest support from National park, CZIP and Natural History Museum.

I would like to thank all the participants for their time and effort during the IWC 2017, as well as relevant organizations and institutions for providing fieldwork support.

Best regards,

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Dalmatian pelican inhabits a wide area of temperate climate belt in Europe and Asia. The largest European colonies exist in Greece, at lakes Kerkini and Micri Prespa, then in Albania and Montenegro. Being an endangered and scarce species, pelicans are subject of regular monitoring and research in all the countries they inhabit. Furthermore, they are an indicator of the state of the ecosystem, but also the efforts that different organizations put in their conservation. Although all countries have programs for their monitoring, so far there were no attempts to determine their total number in one day, in all countries of the Southeast Europe. Thanks to donations from the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) and MAVA organization, 

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On Skadar Lake, the ringing of Dalmatian pelicans had been performed ever since 1970’s, when this species was still largely unknown to science. Intensive researches of Dalmatian pelican throughout the world had brought to Skadar Lake a well known pelican expert, dr Alain Crivelli, who is still in charge of the international pelican ringing scheme. In collaboration with, at the time the only Montenegrin ornithologist Ondrej Vizi, started the ringing program which used colored researchers’ rings. Following the practice to mark birds with unique ring type for each locality, the rings used on Skadar Lake were oval PVC open rings, blue with white markings from K001 to K100. Until 2010, about forty young individuals were ringed with these rings. The ringing is conducted at 

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The first pelican chicks have arrived

Wednesday - 23 March, 2016

Pelicans at Skadar Lake got the offsprings! Total of eight young hatched at the floating platform for now. Thanks to the video monitoring system, we were able to follow all that happened since the beginning of breeding. There was a lot of concern, as bad weather has threatened the colony several times, and there was also some damage from disturbance of the colony, as the adult birds were twice scared off their nests, leaving them exposed to the cold weather, rain and predators - we suppose that around ten eggs was lost due to that. However, with the stabilization of weather, as well as increased presence of ranger service, we can expect successful continuation of the breeding season at Skadar Lake.
We remind that the monitoring of pelicans at Skadar Lake is financially supported by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, within the project “Conservation of pelican, a key biodiversity species of Skadar Lake”, coordinated by Noé Conservation.

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Mid-winter count of water birds 2016
The 19th count of wintering water birds in Montenegro is finished within the IWC, the international program Montenegro joined in 1991. This year the IWC program celebrates the jubilee of 50 years since its beginning in 1967. The program is coordinated by organization Wetlands International, with headquarters in Wageningen, Netherlands. http://www.wetlands.org/GetInvolved/IWC50Letsmakeitcount/tabid/3477/Default.aspx
This year, the IWC in Montenegro included total of 9 wetlands: Skadar Lake, Ulcinj saline, Bojana River delta, Šasko lake, Tivat saltpans, Slano Lake, Krupac Lake, Zeta River and Plavsko Lake. The counting was performed by Ondrej Vizi and Andrej Vizi from the Natural History Museum of Montenegro, Nela Vešović Dubak from Public enterprise for National Parks of Montenegro, Darko Saveljić, Aleksandar Perović, Bojan Zeković and Igor Stojović frm the Centre for Protection of birds – CZIP, Ana Vujović from the Natural History Society of Montenegro and Borut Stumberger and Fabian Schwarzenbach as independent observers.
Total of 95.203 birds was counted, most of which ate Skadar Lake (62.894) and Ulcinj saline (16.134). The most numerous water bird species at whole count area was


 

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